Do you have swollen, red or tender gums? Do your gums bleed easily during brushing? Have your teeth changed position, or do they fit together differently when you bite? These…

tooth xray
Photo by Tasayu Tasnaphun / CC-BY-NC-ND

Periodontal Disease – Dental Signs and Treatment

Do you have swollen, red or tender gums? Do your gums bleed easily during brushing? Have your teeth changed position, or do they fit together differently when you bite? These tooth issues are warning signs of what could be periodontal disease.

If you think you’re affected, you aren’t alone. Approximately 75% of the US population has some form of periodontal disease. If you suspect that you have periodontal disease, your periodontist (a specialist trained to treat gum diseases) will pursue one of a number of options depending on how advanced your disease has become.

Scaling and root planning are common non-surgical options in the treatment of periodontal disease. These procedures consist of removing plaque and tartar from deep gum pockets, cleaning root surfaces of teeth and smoothing the roots of your teeth to prevent the additional growth of bacteria.

Your periodontist may also recommend surgical options to treat your disease, including pocket reduction procedures, regenerative procedures of the destroyed bone that supports your teeth and tooth or gum contouring to reshape your affected teeth and surrounding gums.

Bacterial plaque is the primary cause of this disease. Bacterial plaque produces toxins that can irritate your gums. This irritation leads to swelling, bleeding, gum deterioration, receding gums and loose teeth!

Approximately 75% of tooth loss is due to periodontal disease, and this disease is often triggered by the lack of consistent brushing and flossing — an inconsistency that allows tartar to build up unhindered. If you maintain proper preventative care of your gums, then you will have much less a risk of developing this disease.

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